Non-verbal communication is part of humanity. Facial movements account for much of our expression. Opening the eyes is a welcoming gesture; raising the eyebrows an expression of surprise. Expressed emotions propagate throughout our bodies and throughout society. Smile and the whole world smiles with you. However not all expressions are positive; frowning and scowling can make us and others feel bad. Muscles of the face pull on the bones and can change the shape of the face. Muscle activity wears away the fat pads. People with mobile faces develop lines sooner than those with calm faces. Muscle activity pulls and stretches on the support ligaments of the face, allowing facial structures to distort and to succumb to gravity.

Muscle overactivity can create pain. Headaches, migraines, eye strain and neck pain are all examples of pathological muscle overactivity. Frequently this is an outward expression of internal tension, so de-stressing treatments such as yoga, meditation and relaxation can be a really helpful adjunct to treatment.

Botulinum toxin is a prescription only medicine. It causes reversible, selective paralysis in the treated muscles. This allows the practitioner to select muscle groups to calm and to relax specific muscles and therefore to open the face, lift the eyes, reduce tension on the face, reduce pain and re-establish healthy patterns of facial movement.

Initially the results from Botulinum toxin last about three months, but with repeated treatment the treatment intervals can be spread out. Most people receive the treatment every 4 – 12 months, depending on their individual needs and criteria.